All about Criminology Courses
People all over the world think differently and some have criminal elements while others love to follow the law and live a good life where they do not like disturbing or to be disturb in their usual ways of life. Governments have with ways and means of ensuring that those who are inclined to do criminal tendencies are locked up away from the innocent people who elect to live a crime-free life.
There are people who are trained to avert or notice these crimes before they are committed or when in commission and they get trained in a subject called criminology, which are policing courses taught in special schools called academies. Criminology deals in behavior of social and individual levels, the control, the causes of criminality, management, extent and nature or the crime and this interdisciplinary field deals with social and behavioral services.
These special individuals get special training and are able to detect someone who has criminal tendencies as well as people who may wish to do some criminal act. Criminal deeds are usually humans notion where they pursue some pleasure by avoiding pain but they weigh the benefits and costs of every deed.
The courses teach the elements of punishment which is seen as the most sufficient harshness which can stop individuals from committing crime which include penalties which must outweigh the benefits of the crime and the punishment and severity must be proportionate to the criminal act. The criminology course ensures that the people who learn it know that for effective deterrence of the criminal behavior the punishment must be swift and that it should ignore the unconscious and irrational initiative of the thing that motivated the person to do the criminal act.
Crime is brought about by external or internal factors of the person committing it and this is why it is important to study the way the human behaves and the course includes, social positivism, psychological and biological matters. Criminal courts may sometime rule that a criminal may not be held responsible if there is no reasonable proof which is beyond doubt that a crime was committed.
Those who commit crimes may be compelled to so because of their level of education, poverty, gender and age and the more an individual gets further education the less they may want to get involved in crime just as well as levels of poverty. Crime prevention may be done just as well as reduction measures taken by devising efforts that may harden the target, adding surveillance, adding security patrols, guard presence and putting more street lights may actually be more effective than trying to get those who are trying to commit crime.